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Australian Aborigines of Indian Origin?

Posted by Stephen Knapp on July 23, 2009

14. Australian Aborigines of Indian Origin?

They Share Telltale Mutations With Modern-Day Indian Population, Reveals Genetic Research July 23, 2009 Washington: Genetic research conducted by a team of Indian scientists has indicated that aborigines, who initially arrived in Australia via south Asia, may have originated from India. 

     The evidence was found by Dr Raghavendra Rao, who worked with a team of researchers from the Anthropological Survey of India, to find telltale mutations in modern-day Indian populations that are exclusively shared by Aborigines. 

    For the research, the team sequenced 966 complete mitochondrial DNA genomes from Indian ‘relic populations’. 

     “Mitochondrial DNA is inherited only from the mother and so allows us to accurately trace ancestry. We found certain mutations in the DNA sequences of the Indian tribes we sampled that are specific to Australian Aborigines,” said Rao. 

     This shared ancestry suggests that the Aborigine population migrated to Australia via the so-called “Southern Route”. 

     The “Southern Route” dispersal of modern humans suggests movement of a group of hunter-gatherers from the Horn of Africa, across the mouth of the Red Sea into Arabia and southern Asia at least 50 thousand years ago. Subsequently, the modern human populations expanded rapidly along the coastlines of southern Asia, southeastern Asia and Indonesia to arrive in Australia at least 45 thousand years ago. 

     The genetic evidence of this dispersal from the work of Rao and his colleagues is supported by archeological evidence of human occupation in the Lake Mungo area of Australia dated to approximately the same time period. Discussing the implications of the research, Rao said, “Human evolution is usually understood in terms of millions of years. This direct DNA evidence indicates that the emergence of ‘anatomically modern’ humans in Africa and the spread of these humans to other parts of the world happened only fifty thousand or so years ago.”

      “In this respect, populations in the Indian subcontinent harbor DNA footprints of the earliest expansion out of Africa,” he added. “Understanding human evolution helps us to understand the biological and cultural expressions of these people, with far reaching implications for human welfare,” he added. ANI Australian Aborigines Initially Arrived Via South Asia ScienceDaily (July 21, 2009) — Genetic research indicates that Australian Aborigines initially arrived via south Asia. Researchers have found telltale mutations in modern-day Indian populations that are exclusively shared by Aborigines. Journal reference: 1.                   Satish Kumar, Rajasekhara REDDY Ravuri, Padmaja Koneru, B P Urade, B N Sarkar, A Chandrasekar and V R Rao. Reconstructing Indian-Australian phylogenetic link. BMC Evolutionary Biology, (in press) [link]

Reconstructing Indian-Australian phylogenetic link. Satish Kumar , Rajasekhara REDDY Ravuri , Padmaja Koneru , B P Urade , B N Sarkar ,A Chandrasekar  and V R Rao  BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:173doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-173

Published: 22 July 2009 Abstract (provisional) Background An early dispersal of biologically and behaviorally modern humans from their African origins to Australia, by at least 45 thousand years via southern Asia has been suggested by studies based on morphology, archaeology and genetics.

 However, mtDNA lineages sampled so far from south Asia, eastern Asia and Australasia show non-overlapping distributions of haplogroups within pan Eurasian M and N macrohaplogroups. Likewise, support from the archaeology is still ambiguous. Results In our completely sequenced 966-mitochondrial genomes from 26 relic tribes of India, we have identified seven genomes, which share two synonymous polymorphisms with the M42 haplogroup, which is specific to Australian Aborigines. Conclusions Our results showing a shared mtDNA lineage between Indians and Australian Aborigines provides direct genetic evidence of an early colonization of Australia through south Asia, following the “southern route”. Adapted from materials provided by BioMed Central, viaEurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.

5 Responses to “Australian Aborigines of Indian Origin?”

  1. Dr Bhudia Kutch Science Foundation said

    borigines are originally and genetically are Indian origin and has relation With KANBI – Kanbi was his deva arrived from heaven and KANBI gave them the FIRE – Traditional wat to create fire by wood and that tradition is still persisting in ritual ceremony of KANBi as well as Aborigines.

    The book is still available in our Library record. of history section of Human Origin
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  2. Moabite Temple uncovered in Jordan.

    It is good finding of by Jordanian Department of Antiquities (DoA) Director General Ziad Saad announced the recent discovery as the largest early Iron Age II temple in the region, dating back to between 1000 and 800 BC.

    Those Statues are of “NANDI” of Shiva temples of the time before Christ. and that was practiced since and during Old Persian empire from East to Iran Persia, west to Egypt (Mudraya), North to Kazakhstan of Former USSR and South to whole of Middle East.

    Last month Jordan’s Department of Antiquities announced that archaeologist had uncovered a 3000-year old Moabite Temple. Today there is a nice piece on the discovery in the Jordan Times. Here are a few excerpts from the article.

    AMMAN – Archaeologists on Wednesday unveiled what they described as one of the most important Iron Age discoveries in the region, including a 3,000-year-old Moabite temple.

    At a press conference yesterday, Department of Antiquities (DoA) Director General Ziad Saad announced the recent discovery of the largest early Iron Age temple in the region, dating back to between 1200 and 600 BC.

    The three-storey temple, which includes a 12-by-12-metre courtyard, yielded over 300 Moabite artifacts, leading experts to believe it was once a political and religious base for the Moabite kingdom.

    The Moabites are believed to have been Canaanite tribes that settled in the land between the River Jordan and the Eastern Desert near what is now Dhiban in the 14th century BC. Their reign came to an end with the Persian invasion around the 7th century BC.

    Much of what is known of the Moabite civilization has been learned from King Mesha, immortalized in a basalt tablet listing his victories and accomplishments. Known as the Mesha Stele, the tablet was discovered near Dhiban and is now on display in the Louvre in Paris.

    This find is significant for a number of reasons.

    First, it will help us to learn more about a people group from the ancient world. We have very little cultural artifacts from the Moabites.

    Second, it may help us to understand the balance in regional powers 300 years ago. Historical documents, including the Bible, can only tell us so much.

    Third, it helps to promote archaeology someplace other than the land of Israel. I am not against digging in Israel and Palestine. I will be working at Tel-Gezer again next summer. But a lot of money is sent to digs in Israel while there are numerous sites throughout other parts of the region that could be excavated and help us to learn more about the world of the time period.

    I hope such finds like this temple will begin to get the attention of funding agencies and individuals who will in turn donate money to excavations in places like Jordan.

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